• Hello again! In my previous post i wrote about an overview of a recount text. As promised, in this post I will tell you about the structure and language features of a recount text. If you understand this pattern, it will be easy for you to understand and analyze the text.

    The structure of a recount consists of:

    • Orientation or Opening: Information about who, where and when
    • Series of events in the order that they occurred

    Sometimes a recount can also be literary. You may pay attention to:

    • Personal comments and/or evaluation remarks (interspersed throughout the record)
    • A reorientation, which ‘rounds off’ the sequence of events

    A recount text usually uses the following language features:

    • descriptive language
    • past tense
    • time words to connect events
    • words which tell us where, when, with, who, how

    The following checklist may be useful when you read and finally decide whether a text is a recount:

    1. Does it have an introduction giving a rough idea of what it is about? (The W’s)
    2. Is it in time order? (In the order in which things happened)
    3. Are there suitable time connectives such as next, after, finally?
    4. Does it have an ending that brings the writing a clear end?
    5. Is it in the past tense?
    6. Is it written mostly using ‘I’ or ‘we’? (if a personal recount)
    7. Have adjectives and adverbs been used effectively?
    8. Has it been written with an idea of who it was written for?

  • Hi! I am sure you all have ever read a letter. Have you ever wondered when you read a letter you find that it is similar with other texts like biographies/autobiographies, postcards, writes-up of a trip or activity, newspaper reports, diaries, journals, magazine article, or historical events.? Are you aware that they also have a similar structure and language features?

    Those texts are called recount. A recount text usually tells what happened or retell events. It retells events in a chronological way. In non-fiction texts, recounts are used to create factual accounts of events (either current or historical). Recounts can also entertain and/or inform.In other words, recounts can be personal, factual or imaginative.

    1. Personal recount – retelling an activity that the writer has been personally involved in and may be used to build the relationship between the writer and the reader e.g. anecdote, diary journal, personal letter
    2. Factual recount – reporting the particulars of an incident by reconstructing factual information e.g. police reconstruction of an accident, historical recount, biographical and autobiographical recounts
    3. Imaginative recount – applying factual knowledge to an imaginary role in order to interpret and recount events e.g. A Day in the Life of a Roman Slave, How I Discovered Radium
    4. Procedural recount – recording the steps in an investigation or experiment and thereby providing the basis for reported results or findings
    5. Literary recount – to retell a series of events for the purpose of entertaining

    To help you understand a recount text, I will write the structure and the language features in my next post.


  • You can download the course slides by clicking the following links:

    1. lecture 1
    2. lecture 2
    3. lecture 3
    4. lecture 4
    5. lecture 5
    6. lecture 6
    7. lecture 9
    8. lecture 10
    9. lecture 11
    10. lecture 12


    1. kwary.net
    2. http://www.slideshare.net/heping/phonetics-and-phonology
    3. Introducing English Linguistics, 2009, Charles F. Meyer
    4. An Intro to Language, 2003, Fromkin & Rodman
  • Click the link below to download the slides of Introduction to General Linguistics course. You might also need to install IPA fonts so you can see the symbols used in some of the .ppt files.

    1. Course information

    IPA fonts (.exe file)

    IPA fonts

    2. Second meeting slide

    3. Third meeting slide

    4. Fourth meeting slide

    5. Fifth meeting slide

    edited: check this link

    6. Sixth meeting slide

    7. Eighth meeting slide

    8. Ninth meeting slide

    9. Tenth meeting slide

    10. 11th meeting slide

    11. 12th meeting slide

    12. 13th meeting slide